Früh-Müller, A; Hotes, S; Breuer, L; Wolters, V; Köllner, T: Regional Patterns of Ecosystem Services in Cultural Landscapes, Land, MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland, 5(2) (2016), online: 22.06.2016, doi:10.3390/land5020017 [Link]
Stichworte: ecosystem bundles; multifunctional landscapes; landscape heterogeneity; cultural landscapes; spatial pattern
Abstract:
European agricultural landscapes have been shaped by humans to produce marketable private goods such as food, feed, fiber and timber. Land-use intensification to increase provisioning services in such productive landscapes alters the capacity of ecosystems to supply other services (often public goods and services) that are also vital for human wellbeing. However, the interactions, synergies and trade-offs among ecosystem services are poorly understood. We assessed the spatial distribution of the services carbon storage, sediment regulation, water yield, crop production, timber supply, and outdoor recreation in the counties Wetterau and Vogelsberg (Hesse, Germany). These counties represent a gradient from intensive arable land use to more extensive mixed land use systems with domination of grassland and forests. Spatially explicit models were used to map the location and quantity of service supply. We addressed the following questions: (1) Where are areas of high and low supply of individual and multiple ecosystem services? (2) Where do the strongest trade-offs and synergies between different services occur? Our results show a pronounced spatial aggregation of different ecosystem services, with locations where at least four services are being supplied at high levels occupying only 5% of the landscape. Indicators for water provision, timber supply, carbon storage, erosion control, and outdoor recreation are positively related to each other, but this relationship is influenced by the trade-offs associated with the ecosystem service food production. Optimization of ecosystem services at the landscape scale has to take these patterns into account.
Aktuelle Termine



BayCEER-Kolloquium:
Do. 12.04.2018
- folgt -
Do. 19.04.2018
A new experiment to unravel the Impact of Biodiversity and Climate Variability on the functioning of grasslands
Ökologisch-Botanischer Garten:
So. 04.03.2018
Die Lösung? Pflanzliche Alternativen für Plastik
Universitäts-Forum Bayreuth (UFB) - Kollegium Bayreuther Universitäts-Professoren:
Mo. 19.02.2018
Das Problem der Antibiotika-resistenten und -toleranten Bakterien
Workshop:
Mi. 28.02.2018
Workshop Einstieg in die Umweltmesstechnik mit Arduino und Raspberry Pi
Wetter Versuchsflächen
Luftdruck (356m): 982.6 hPa
Lufttemperatur: -3.3 °C
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: <1 h/d
Wind (Höhe 17m): 4.0 km/h
Wind (Max.): 7.2 km/h
Windrichtung: S

...mehr
Globalstrahlung: 0 W/m²
Lufttemperatur: -4.6 °C
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: <1 h/d
Wind (Höhe 32m): 8.7 km/h
Wind (Max.): 17.7 km/h

...mehr