|Bogner, FX: Environmental Perception of Irish and Bavarian Adolescents. A Comparative Empirical Study, The Environmentalist, 18, 27-38 (1998)|
The present study deals with the evaluation of environmental/ecological perceptions of secondary school pupils. It has two major objectives. Firstly, to administer a measurement instrument to explore ecological/environmental perceptions for a sample of approximately 900 Irish secondary school pupils aged between 12 and 16 years. The operation and use of tree subscales, ‘environmental behavior’, ‘utilization of nature’ and ‘consideration for conservation’, was based on a previous study undertaken in Bavaria, but its structure, dimensionality and reliability was further assessed using psychometric procedures. Secondly, the study monitored the differences in theses dimensions between Irish and Bavarian pupils. Common items within the subscale structure were selected from both samples to form a truncated item selection and to function subsequently as the basis for the final factor analysis applied to the combined Irish-Bavarian sample. Comparisons on this basis indicated substantial differences in attitudes and environmental behavior between pupils from both regions: the Irish sample favored less conservational values, but more patronage for the utilization of nature and it revealed less willingness to take and plan action in individual environmental behavior. In addition, the Irish sample disclosed a significantly greater gender difference in the two subscales.