|Girwidz, R; Robitzko, T; Schaal, S; Bogner, FX: Theoretical concepts for using multimedia in science education, Science Education International, 17(2), 77-93 (2006)|
Multicoding (using various kinds of representation), multimodality (addressing several senses), and interactivity are special features of multimedia. We derived several guidelines on the basis of psychological findings in order to apply multimedia, specifically designed to assist effective learning in complex fields of knowledge. We focussed on promoting cognitive flexibility, building adequate mental models, implementing "situated learning," structuring knowledge and linking fields of knowledge, as well as adjusting cognitive load. In this contribution, we present an overview of theoretical considerations and illustrate possible implementations. The aim was to delineate guidelines for a theory-guided development of multimedia applications.