Singh, T; Wu, L; Wörman, A; Hannah, DM; Krause, S; Gomez-Velez, JD: Impacts of Freshets on Hyporheic Exchange Flow under Neutral Conditions
Talk, AGU Fall Meeting 2016, San Francisco, USA: 2016-12-12 - 2016-12-16

Hyporheic zones (HZs) are characterized by the exchange of water, solutes, momentum and energy between streams and aquifers. Hyporheic exchange flow (HEF) is driven by pressure gradients along the sediment-water interface, which in turn are caused by interactions between channel flow and bed topography. With this in mind, changes in channel flow can have significant effects in the hydrodynamic and transport characteristics of HZs. While previous research has improved our understanding of the drivers and controls of HEF, little attention has been paid to the potential impacts of transient dynamic hydrologic forcing, such as freshets. In this study, we use a two-dimensional, homogeneous flow and transport model with a time-varying pressure distribution at the sediment-water interface to explore the dynamic development of HZ characteristics in response to discharge fluctuations (i.e., freshets). With this model, we explore a wide range of plausible scenarios for discharge and bed geometry. Our modelling results show that a single freshet alters the spatial extent and penetration of the HZ, though quantitatively different, when investigated using hydrological (streamlines/flow field) and geochemical (>90% of surface water in streambed) approaches of HZ. We summarize the results of a detailed sensitivity analysis where the effects of hydraulic geometry (slope, amplitude of the streambed), flood characteristics (duration, skewness and magnitude of the flood wave) and biogeochemical timescales (time-scale for oxygen consumption) on the HZ’s extent, mean age, and oxic/anoxic zonation are explored. Taking into consideration these multiple morphological characteristics along with variable hyd

last modified 2016-11-28