|Ruidisch, M; Nguyen, T; Geyer, R; Tenhunen, J: Estimation of annual spatial variations in forest production and crop yields at landscape scale in temperate climate regions, Ecological Research, 30, 279-292 (2015)|
Simulating regional variations in gross primary production (GPP) and yields of major land cover types is complex due to differences in plant physiological prop- erties, landscape topography, and climate gradients. In our study, we analyzed the inter-annual and inter-re- gional variation, as well as the effect of summer drought, on gross primary production and crop yields of 9 major land uses within the state-funded Bioenergy Region Bayreuth in Germany. We developed a simulation framework using a process based model which accounts for variations in both CO 2 gas exchange, and in the case of crops, growth processes. The results indicated a severe impact of summer drought on GPP, particularly of forests and grasslands. Yields of winter crops, early planted summer grain crops as well as the perennial 2nd generation biofuel crop Silphium perfoliatum, on the other hand, were buffered despite drought by compar- atively mild winter and spring temperatures. We esti- mated regional yield increases from SW to NE, suggesting a comparative advantage for these crops in the cooler and upland part of the region. In contrast, grasslands and annual summer crops such as maize and potato did not exhibit any apparent regional pattern in the simulations. The 2nd generation bioenergy crop exhibited significantly higher GPP and yields compared to the conventional bioenergy crop maize, suggesting that cultivation of S. perfoliatum should be increased for economic and environmental reasons, but additional study of the growth of S. perfoliatum is still required.
|Fr. 2020-07-10 now|
12th BayCEER Workshop 2020: "Call for Abstracts" is open
Extreme redox oscillations in freshwater re-flooded acid sulfate soil wetlands: Effects on Fe, S, and trace metals geochemical behavior
Dissolved organic matter quality in differently managed forest ecosystems
Signaling of rhizosphere microbiome: key for plant health, development and nutrition
BayCEER Workshop 2020
Why Science Communication?
Stoichiometric controls of C and N cycling
Flying halfway across the globe to dig in the dirt – a research stay in Bloomington, USA
Picky carnivorous plants?