Huang, J-H; Matzner, E: Adsorption and desorption of organotin compounds to upland and wetland soils, European Journal of Soil Science, 55, 693-698 (2004)
Organotin compounds (OTC) are deposited from the atmosphere into terrestrial ecosystems and can accumulate in soils. We studied the adsorption and desorption of methyltin and butyltin compounds in organic and mineral soils in batch experiments. The adsorption and desorption isotherms for all species and soils were linear over the concentration range of 10-100 ng Sn ml-1. The strength of OTC adsorption correlated well with the carbon content and cation exchange capacity of the soil and was in the order mono- > di- > tri-substituted OTCs and butyltin > methyltin compounds. The OTC adsorption coefficients were much larger in organic soils (Kd > 104) than in mineral soils. The adsorption and desorption showed a pronounced hysteresis. Trimethyltin adsorption was partly reversible in all soils (desorption 2-12% of the adsorbed amounts). Dimethyltin, tributyltin and dibutyltin exhibited reversible adsorption only in mineral soils (desorption 4-33% of the adsorbed amounts). Mono-substituted OTCs adsorbed almost irreversibly in all soils (desorption <1% of adsorbed amounts). Trimethytin was more mobile and more bioavailable in soils than other OTCs. It might be therefore be leached from soils and accumulate in aquatic ecosystems. The other OTCs are scarcely mobile and are strongly retained in soils.
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