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Quality Assurance and Quality Control of Micrometeorological Measurements


From 10/1997 to 12/2010

Field of research manager: Thomas Foken
Staff: Mathias Göckede, Claudia Liebethal, Matthias Mauder, Corinna Rebmann, Christoph Thomas, Bodo Wichura


Three international workshops were organized:

Workshop: Numerical and experimental studies on flux footprints, Sept. 29 - Oct. 04, 2001, Thurnau

Workshop: Quality Control of Eddy-Covariance Measurements, Nov. 15-17, 2002, Thurnau

2nd CARBOEUROPE QA/QC Workshop for Eddy-Covariance Measurements, Jan. 18-19, 2004, Spoleto, Italy

Present problems with turbulence measuring technique:

Sampling errors of Solent R2 and R3 (University of Bayreuth, Christoph Thomas)

Influence of the planar-fit rotation on the u*-criteria (University of Bayreuth, Matthias Mauder)

Delay time changes of LiCor 7500 (Information by LiCor, we found errors up to 10 %)

Crosswind correction for CSAT3(Information by Campbell)

Eddy-covariance introduction from Li-Cor

List of publications of this Field of research

Göckede, M; Foken, T; Aubinet, M; Aurela, M; Banza, J; Bernhofer, C; Bonnefond, J-M; Brunet, Y; Carrara, A; Clement, R; Dellwik, E; Elbers, JA; Eugster, W; Fuhrer, J; Granier, A; Grünwald, T; Heinesch, B; Janssens, IA; Knohl, A; Koeble, R; Laurila, T; Longdoz, B; Manca, G; Marek, M; Markkanen, T; Mateus, J; Matteucci, G; Mauder, M; Migliavacca, M; Minerbi, S; Moncrieff, JB; Montagnani, L; Moors, E; Ourcival, J-M; Papale, D; Pereira, J; Pilegaard, K; Pita, G; Rambal, S; Rebmann, C; Rodrigues, A; Rotenberg, E; Sanz, MJ; Sedlak, P; Seufert, G; Siebicke, L; Soussana, JF; Valentini, R; Vesala, T; Verbeeck, H; Yakir, D: Quality control of CarboEurope flux data – Part 1: Coupling footprint analyses with flux data quality assessment to evaluate sites in forest ecosystems, Biogeosciences, 5, 433-450 ("CarboEurope-IP Best Paper Award 2008") (2008) [Link] -- Details
Mauder, M; Foken, T; Clement, R; Elbers, JA; Eugster, W; Grünwald, T; Heusinkveld, B; Kolle, O: Quality control of CarboEurope flux data – Part 2: Inter-comparison of eddy-covariance software, Biogeosciences, 5, 451-462 (2008) [Link] -- Details
Vesala, T; Kljun, N; Rannik, Ü; Rinne, J; Sogatchev, A; Markkanen, T; Sabelfeld, K; Foken, T; Leclerc, MY: Flux and concentration footprint modelling: State of the art, Environmental Pollution, 152, 653-666 (2008) -- Details
Foken, T: The energy balance closure problem - An overview, Ecological Applications, 18, 1351-1367 (2008) -- Details
Kohsiek, W; Liebethal, C; Foken, T; Vogt, R; Oncley, SP; Bernhofer, C; DeBruin, H: The energy balance experiment EBEX-2000. Part III: Behaviour and quality of radiation measurements, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 123, 55-75 (2007), doi:10.1007/s10546-006-9135-8 -- Details
Mauder, M; Oncley, SP; Vogt, R; Weidinger, T; Riberio, L; Bernhofer, C; Foken, T; Kohsiek, W; DeBruin, H; Liu, H: The Energy Balance Exprriment EBEX-2000. Part II: Intercomparison of eddy covariance sensors and post-field data processing methods, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 123, 29-54 (2007), doi:10.1007/s10546-006-9139-4 -- Details
Liu, H; Randerson, JT; Lindfors, J; Massman, W; Foken, T: Consequences of incomplete surface energy balance closure for CO2 fluxes from open-path CO2/H2O infrared gas analyzers, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 120, 65-85 (2006), doi:DOI 10.1007/s10546-005-9047-z -- Details
Göckede, M; Markkanen, T; Hasager, CB; Foken, T: Update of footprint-based approach for the characterisation of complex measurement sites, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 118, 635-655 (2006), doi:DOI:10.1007/s10546-005-6435-3 -- Details
Reithmaier, L; Göckede, M; Markkanen, T; Knohl, A; Churkina, A; Rebmann, C; Buchmann, N; Foken, T: Use of remotely sensed land use classification for a better evaluation of micrometeorological flux measurement sites, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84, 219-233 (2006), doi:DOI 10.1007/s00704-005-0168-6 -- Details
Ruppert, J; Thomas, C; Foken, T: Scalar similarity for relaxed Eddy accumulation methods , Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 120, 39-63 (2006) -- Details
Ruppert, J; Mauder, M; Thomas, C; Lüers, J: Innovative gap-filling strategy for annual sums of CO2 net ecosystem exchange, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 138, 5-18 (2006), doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2006.03.003 -- Details
Beyrich, F; Leps, J-P; Mauder, M; Bange, J; Foken, T; Huneke, S; Lohse, H; Lüdi, A; Meijninger, WML; Mironov, D; Weisensee, U; Zittel, P: Area-averaged surface fluxes over the LITFASS region on eddy-covariance measurements, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 121, 33-65 (2006), doi:DOI 10.1007/s10546-005-9052-2 -- Details
Mengelkamp, H-T; Beyrich, F; Heinemann, G; Ament, F; Bange, J; Berger, FH; Bösenberg, J; Foken, T; Hennemuth, B; Heret, C; Huneke, S; Johnsen, K-P; Kerschgens, M; Kohsiek, W; Leps, J-P; Liebethal, C; Lohse, H; Mauder, M; Meijninger, WML; Raasch, S; Simmer, C; Spieß, T; Tittebrand, A; Uhlenbrook, S; Zittel, P: Evaporation over a heterogeneous land surface: The EVA_GRIPS project, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87, 775-786 (2006) [Link] -- Details
Foken, T; Wimmer, F; Mauder, M; Thomas, C; Liebethal, C: Some aspects of the energy balance closure problem, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Discussion, 6, 3381–3402 (2006) [Link] -- Details
Mauder, M; Liebethal, C; Göckede, M; Leps, J-P; Beyrich, F; Foken, T: Processing and quality control flux data during LITFASS-2003, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 121, 67-88 (2006), doi:10.1007/s10546-006-9094-0 -- Details
Foken, T: Angewandte Meteorologie, Mikrometeorologische Methoden, (2. überarb. u. erw. Aufl.), 326 (2006) [Link] -- Details
Foken, T; Wimmer, F; Mauder, M; Thomas, C; Liebethal, C: Some aspects of the energy balance closure problem, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 4395-4402 (2006) [Link] -- Details
Mauder, M; Foken, T: Impact of post-field data processing on eddy covariance flux estimates and energy balance closure, Meteorol. Zeitschrift, 15, 597-609 (2006) -- Details
Metzger, S; Ma, Y; Markkanen, T; Göckede, M; Li, M; Foken, T: Quality assessment of Tibetan Plateau Eddy Covariance measurements utilizing Footprint modeling', Advances in Earth Sciences, 21, 1260-1267, X-XI (2006) -- Details
Rebmann, C; Göckede, M; Foken, T; Aubinet, M; Aurela, M; Berbigier, P; Bernhofer, C; Buchmann, N; Carrara, A; Cescatti, A; Ceulemans, R; Clement, R; Elbers, JA; Granier, A; Grünwald, T; Guyon, D; Havránkova, K; Heinesch, B; Knohl, A; Laurila, T; Longdoz, B; Marcolla, B; Markkanen, T; Miglietta, F; Moncrieff, JB; Montagnani, L; Moors, E; Nardino, M; Ourcival, J-M; Rambal, S; Rannik, Ü; Rotenberg, E; Sedlak, P; Unterhuber, G; Vesala, T; Yakir, D: Quality analysis applied on eddy covariance measurements at complex forest sites using footprint modelling, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 80, 121-141 (2005) -- Details
Liebethal, C; Huwe, B; Foken, T: Sensitivity analysis for two ground heat flux calculation approaches, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 132, 253-262 (2005) -- Details
Göckede, M; Rebmann, C; Foken, T: A combination of quality assessment tools for eddy covariance measurements with footprint modelling for the characterisation of complex sites, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 127, 175-188 (2004) -- Details
Foken, T; Leclerc, MY: Methods and limitations in validation of footprint models, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 127, 223-234 (2004) -- Details
Aubinet, M; Clement, R; Elbers, JA; Foken, T; Grelle, A; Ibrom, A; Moncrieff, JB; Pilegaard, K; Rannik, Ü; Rebmann, C: Metodology for data acquisition, storage and treatment in Beck E., Bendix J, Kottke I, Makeschin F, Mosandl R,: Ecological Studies, Springer Verlag, 163, 9-35 (2003) -- Details
Raabe, A; Foken, T: Die Höhe der internen Grenzschicht im Windfeld nach einer sprunghaften Änderung der aerodynamischen Rauhigkeit der Unterlage - Beispiel Küste. In: F. Chmielewski and T. Foken (Editors), Beiträge zur Klima und Meeresforschung. Eigenverl, , 227-237 (2003) -- Details
Liebethal, C; Foken, T: On the Significance of the Webb Correction to Fluxes , Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 109, 99-106 (2003) -- Details
Foken, T: Angewandte Meteorologie, Mikrometeorologische Methoden, , Springer, 289 S. (2003) -- Details
Beyrich, F; Richter, SH; Weisensee, U; Kohsiek, W; Lohse, H; DeBruin, H; Foken, T; Göckede, M; Berger, FH; Vogt, R; Batchvarova, E: Experimental determination of turbulent fluxes over the heterogeneous LITFASS area: Selected results from the LITFASS-98 experiment, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 73, 19-34 (2002)
Liu, H; Peters, G; Foken, T: New Equations for Sonic Temperature Variance and Buoyancy Heat FLux With An Omnidirectional Sonic Anemometer, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 100, 459-468 (2001) -- Details
Foken, T; Mangold, A; Rebmann, C; Wichura, B: Characterization of a complex measuring site for flux measurements in Am. Meteorol. Soc.: Proc. Ninth Conference on Mountain Met, 239-240 (2000)
Aubinet, M; Grelle, A; Ibrom, A; Rannik, Ü; Moncrieff, JB; Foken, T; Kowalski, AS; Martin, PH; Berbigier, P; Bernhofer, C; Clement, R; Elbers, JA; Granier, A; Grünwald, T; Morgenstern, K; Pilegaard, K; Rebmann, C; Snijders, W; Valentini, R; Vesala, T: Estimates of the annual net carbon and water exchange of European forests: the EUROFLUX methodology, Advances in Ecological Research, 30, 113-175 (2000)
Foken, T: Messung von Wasser- und Stoffumsätzen im heterogenen Gelände in Universität Göttingen; Geographisches Institut; Abt. Landschaftsökologie: Heterogenität landschaftshaushaltlicher Wasser- und Stoffumsätze in Einzugsgebieten, EcoRegio, 8/2000, 106-113 (2000)

Related links:
  • Diploma Thesis: Auswertung von Turbulenzmessgerätevergleichen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von EBEX-2000
  • Diploma Thesis: Eddy Sampling Methods for the Measurement of Trace Gas Fluxes
  • Diploma Thesis: Messtechnische und messmethodische Einflussfaktoren bei der Schließung der Energiebilanz am Erdboden
  • Diploma Thesis: Untersuchung der lokalen Einflüsse auf die meteorologischen Messungen an der Station ‚Weidenbrunnen' (Waldstein/Fichtelgebirge)
  • Diploma Thesis: Untersuchung vertikaler Flussdivergenzen an ausgewählten Beispielen des Experimentes EBEX-2000
  • Experiment: EBEX-2000: Energy Balance Experiment, July 20 to Aug. 24, 2000
  • Experiment: LITFASS-2003: Lindenberg, 19.05.-20.06.2003
  • Experiment: VOITEX-99: Experiment zur Untersuchung des Energie- und Stoffaustausches zwischen der Atmosphäre und niedriger Vegetation vom 28. Juni bis 29. Juli 1999 nahe der Dörfer Voitsumra (VOITEX-99) und Schönlind im oberen Egertal
  • PhD Thesis: Adoption of footprint methods for the quality control of eddy-covariance measurements
  • PhD Thesis: On the determination of the ground heat flux in micrometeorology and its influence on the energy balance closure
  • PhD Thesis: Quality assurance for eddy covariance measurements of turbulent fluxes and its influence on the energy balance closure problem
  • Project: BITÖK-A3: Klimatologie und Deposition von Luftschadstoffen im Fichtelgebirge
  • Project: BITÖK-A7: Messung turbulenter Flüsse von Kohlendioxid und stabilem Kohlenstoffisotop 13 über Pflanzenbeständen mit Hilfe der Relaxed Eddy Accumulation-Methode
  • Project: CARBOEUROFLUX (EC ENVK2-1999-00229): Untersuchung des Kohlenstoff- und Energieaustausches in europäischen terrestrischen Ökosystemen (CARBOEUROFLUX)
  • Project: CARBOEUROPE-IP: QA/QC for Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurements
  • Project: EBEX: Energy Balance Experiment 2000, EBEX
  • Project: EVA_GRIPS (BMBF 01LD0103-UBT): Regional Evaporation at Grid/Pixel Scale over Heterogeneous Land Surfaces
  • Project: INTAS (EC INTAS-99-1501): Random Walk Models for the Footprint Problem in the Turbulent Atmosphere
  • Project: VERTIKO-UBT1 (BMBF 07 ATF 37 UBT1): Vertical Transports of Energy and Trace Gases at Anchor Stations and Their Spatial and Temporal Extrapolation under Complex Natural, Conditions
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