|Rabe, S-E; Koellner, T; Marzelli, S; Schumacher, P; Grêt-Regamey, A: National ecosystem services mapping at multiple scales – The German exemplar, Ecological Indicators, 70, 357–372 (2016), online: 28.06.2016, doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.05.043 [Link]|
|Stichworte: Ecosystem services; Mapping; Indicators; TEEB; MAES; Hotspots; Scales|
The EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020 requires the Member States of the European Union to map and assess ecosystem services. This paper presents a procedure for developing a national framework of ecosystem service indicators for Germany that is applicable at different scales and is transferable to other countries. The framework was set up to use existing indicators or datasets and to be compatible with international typologies of ecosystem services and their indicators. Starting with an evaluation of the importance of different ecosystem services for Germany and an analysis of existing monitoring systems, we define suitable indicators for mapping ecosystem services nationwide. We demonstrate how both the supply of and demand for ecosystem services can be mapped with different indicators and datasets and how these indicators have to be adapted for use at different scales. Subsequently, we analyze the resulting maps to draw conclusions about the suitability of the different indicators and their complementarity. Furthermore, we show synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem services in Germany and discuss the applicability of the ecosystem services concept for decision making and spatial planning.
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