Spohn, M; Widdig, M: Turnover of carbon and phosphorus in the microbial biomass depending on phosphorus availability, Soil Biology Biochemistry, 113, 53-59 (2017), doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.05.017
Adjustment of the mean residence time (MRT) of elements in the soil microbial biomass (SMB) might be an important process by which microbial communities adapt to nutrient-poor environments and maintain their element biomass ratio. Yet, little is known about the turnover of elements such as carbon (C) and phosphorus (P) in the SMB, which is partly due to methodological challenges. This is the first study to determine the MRT of C and P in SMB based on labeling of microbial DNA with 14C and 33P. We studied the MRT of C and P in the SMB of topsoil from a temperate, mesic grassland fertilized with five different amounts of P. For this purpose, soil was labeled with 14C-glucose and 33P-phosphate and incubated for 24 h, and then, 14C and 33P in the soil microbial DNA were determined. The MRT of C and P was calculated based on the C and P content of DNA, and the observation that soil microbial biomass C and microbial DNA are linearly correlated. The SMB-C and the MRT of C in the SMB were not affected by P vailability, whereas the microbial community significantly increased the MRT of P in its biomass from 18.1 to 39.0 days with decreasing P availability. Our results indicate that the adjustment of the MRT of individual elements in the SMB is an important process by which microbes adapt to nutrient poor environments and are able to maintain their biomass element ratio when decomposing substrate with a very high C-to-nutrient ratio.
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