Steibl, S; Laforsch, C: Daytime activity and habitat preferences of two sympatric hermit crab species (Decapoda: Anomura: Coenobita), Estuarine, coastal and Shelf Science, 231, 106482 (2019), online: 12.11.2019, doi: [Link]
Stichworte: Activity patterns; Behavioural responses; Coenobita perlatus; Coenobita rugosus; circadian rhythms; Habitat selection
The beach environment is extremely dynamic in space and time. Abiotic factors like tides, sun exposure or sediment structure are defining the ecology of the beach-associated fauna. Among the most common beach-dwelling organisms of tropical and subtropical shores are the hermit crabs of the genus Coenobita (Latreille, 1829) (Decapoda: Anomura). They utilize gastropod shells to protect against predators, to avoid desiccation and disruption by wave action and further show behavioural adaptations, like burrowing in the substratum to withstand the abiotic stressors of coasts. Little is known, however, if the abiotic factors of the beach habitat influence the daytime activity and habitat preferences. We therefore analysed the changes in abundance during daytime, at different tidal times and in different coastal habitats in a community of two sympatric Coenobita species, C. rugosus and C. perlatus. We hypothesized that habitat, daytime and tidal time influenced the overall abundance. Here, we showed that hermit crabs became largely absent during midday, while their highest diurnal activity laid in the two hours before low tide until absolute low tide. Structurally more complex beach types were preferred over pure fine sand or rock beaches. These behaviours and preferences of the investigated hermit crabs are adaptive as they aid in avoiding desiccation, while becoming most active when food availability is highest during low tide. Heterogenous beach habitats are probably favoured over homogenous sandy beaches, because accumulation of marine debris, a major food source, is increased. This emphasizes, how physically controlled the distribution of beach-dwelling organisms is and demonstrates how abiotic stressors can become major drivers for behavioural adaptations in beach crustaceans.
Aktuelle Termine

Fr. 10.07.2020 aktuell
12th BayCEER Workshop 2020: "Call for Abstracts" geöffnet
Do. 22.10.2020
Extreme redox oscillations in freshwater re-flooded acid sulfate soil wetlands: Effects on Fe, S, and trace metals geochemical behavior
Do. 29.10.2020
Dissolved organic matter quality in differently managed forest ecosystems
Do. 05.11.2020
Signaling of rhizosphere microbiome: key for plant health, development and nutrition
Do. 29.10.2020
Neuer Termin: BayCEER Workshop 2020
BayCEER Blog
Why Science Communication?
Stoichiometric controls of C and N cycling
Flying halfway across the globe to dig in the dirt – a research stay in Bloomington, USA
Picky carnivorous plants?
RSS Blog als RSS Feed
Wetter Versuchsflächen
Luftdruck (356m): 975.9 hPa
Lufttemperatur: 27.1 °C
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: <1 h/d
Wind (Höhe 17m): 3.6 km/h
Wind (Max.): 9.7 km/h
Windrichtung: N

Globalstrahlung: 753 W/m²
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: 3 h/d
Wind (Höhe 32m): 0.0 km/h

Diese Webseite verwendet Cookies. weitere Informationen