Drought and nutrients, two of the main global change drivers, are important factors shaping community composition, biodiversity and ecosystem function in grasslands. Although it is suggested that communities in high nutrient sites are less drought resistant, interactions of nutrients and drought are complex and often contradictory, suggesting that the effect of nutrients on drought responses differs across species. Thus, our ability to predict consequences for grassland agriculture and natural grasslands under climate change remains severely limited. In this study we comparatively assessed the effect of different nutrient conditions on whole-plant drought responses of 13 common temperate grassland species. In a common garden experiment, species were grown under four different nutrient conditions (unfertilized control, nitrogen (N) or phosphorous (P) addition, and combined addition (N+ P)) in mesocosms. In the second growing season, half of the plants were exposed to an extreme drought. Species increased their biomass under nutrient addition, especially under the combined addition of N and P. Drought reduced growth in all species, but this reduction was parallel to the positive response of the species to fertilization (no drought-nutrient interaction). Thus, plants in the N+P treatment had the highest biomass even under drought. In general, drought mortality averaged around 10%, with small differences between nutrient conditions for most species. Accordingly, a wide range of common temperate grassland species possess high drought resistance, regardless of nutrient availability. Especially, species associated with moist habitats (Ellenberg indicator values) were more drought sensitive.These responses will likely lead to changes in community structure and may seriously affect the productivity (i.e. agricultural value) of grasslands with increasing drought under global change.