L’archéologie et l’archéobotanique des complexes de champs suréle-vés dans les savanes littorales de la Guyane et sur l’écologie des écosystèmes créés par ces anciens remaniements du paysage

Programme Amazonie du CNRS Guyane

Von 01/2006 bis 12/2010

Projektleiter: Bruno Glaser
Mitarbeiter: Jago Birk, Alexander Hänel, Martin Hitziger

Landscapes of seasonally flooded savannas of the Guianan coast appear to have been co-constructed by complementary actions of human and natural ecosystem engineers. Pre-Columbian farmers transformed savannas by making raised fields, producing a marked and organized topographic heterogeneity. We will answer major open questions about the history of these systems: what was the period of occupation, the identity of plants cultivated, and the economic and social organization of the moundbuilders? Why were these sites abandoned? We postulate that once these mounds were formed, manmade heterogeneity set in motion resource concentration mechanisms driven by natural ecosystem engineers that have maintained heterogeneity by self-organizing processes ever since raised fields were abandoned by farmers. We will test two hypotheses: (1) The degree of conservation of these ancient structures depends on environmental variables that influence the population dynamics of ecosystem engineers. (2) Manmade heterogeneity conditions the functioning and diversity of soil and plant communities. Combining methods from a wide range of disciplines from human, physical and biological sciences, we will document how processes set in motion by ancient human transformation of landscapes affect the current and future functioning of ecosystems.

Aktuelle Termine


Mi. 26.01.2022 aktuell
Verleihung der Goldenen Kreide
Mi. 02.02.2022
Stadtgespräch: Bayreuther Stadtnatur – unser Weg zur Artenvielfalt
BayCEER-Kolloquium:
Do. 27.01.2022
BayCEER Mitgliederversammlung
Digitale Vortragsreihe KlimaDiskurse (bayklif):
Di. 08.02.2022
10.000 Klafter Holz oder eine grüne Menschenfreude?
Ökologisch-Botanischer Garten:
So. 06.02.2022
Führung | Edel und gut? Tropenhölzer und heimische Alternativen
Wetter Versuchsflächen
Luftdruck (356m): 986.5 hPa
Lufttemperatur: -0.5 °C
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: 4 h/d
Wind (Höhe 17m): 11.0 km/h
Wind (Max.): 19.8 km/h
Windrichtung: W

...mehr
Globalstrahlung: 57 W/m²
Lufttemperatur: -3.4 °C
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: <1 h/d
Wind (Höhe 32m): 0.0 km/h

...mehr
Diese Webseite verwendet Cookies. weitere Informationen