Kreyling, J; Thiel, D; Simmnacher, K; Willner, E; Jentsch, A; Beierkuhnlein, C: Geographic origin and past climatic experience influence the response to late spring frost in four common grass species in Central Europe, Ecography, 35(3), 268-275 (2012), doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2011.07173.x
Stichworte: EVENT 3
Abstract:
Late spring frost events can affect vegetation. The response of grassland species, however, is generally unknown. We explore the late-frost sensitivity of four common European grass species and investigate whether these species exhibit local adaptations to late frost on a continental scale and whether past climatic experience influences late frost sensitivity. Ecotypes of Arrhenatherum elatius, Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca pratensis, and Holcus lanatus from Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary, Sweden, and Germany were exposed to late frost after drought and warming manipulations in the preceding growing season in a common garden experiment. Late frost reduced the productivity of the grasses on average by 20%. Ecotypes differed in their late-frost sensitivity in three of the four species and local adaptations to late frost were identified. Previous exposure to drought and warming caused differences in late-frost sensitivity in some cases. The impact of late frost events may increase in a warmer world due to an earlier onset of growing and no change in timing of late frost events. The history of climatic exposure can alter the performance of plants, possibly through epigenetic mechanisms. Based on the complex response pattern observed, a maximization of genetic diversity is proposed as a promising adaptation strategy against climate change.
Aktuelle Termine



BayCEER-Kolloquium:
Do. 14.11.2019 aktuell
Analysis of ozone formation and trend over northern Bavaria by using stochastic and deterministic models
Do. 21.11.2019
Quantification of subsurface properties using the groundwater response to Earth and atmospheric tides
Konferenzen:
Fr. 22.11.2019
Geoökologie-Tagung 2019
Ökologisch-Botanischer Garten:
So. 24.11.2019
Mikroplastik in der Umwelt
Vortrag:
Fr. 15.11.2019
Changing the game in Earth Observation - The European Union’s Copernicus programme -
BayCEER Blog
24.05.2019
Stoichiometric controls of C and N cycling
07.05.2019
Flying halfway across the globe to dig in the dirt – a research stay in Bloomington, USA
07.05.2019
EGU – interesting research and free coffee
16.04.2019
Picky carnivorous plants?
RSS Blog als RSS Feed
Wetter Versuchsflächen
Luftdruck (356m): 961.3 hPa
Lufttemperatur: 2.4 °C
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: 7 h/d
Wind (Höhe 17m): 9.0 km/h
Wind (Max.): 19.8 km/h
Windrichtung: SO

...mehr
Globalstrahlung: 0 W/m²
Lufttemperatur: 0.0 °C
Niederschlag: 0.0 mm/24h
Sonnenschein: 2 h/d
Wind (Höhe 32m): 21.1 km/h

...mehr
Diese Webseite verwendet Cookies. weitere Informationen