Christian Laforsch: Publications

Peer reviewed


Kumar, V., Löschel, L., Imhof, H., Löder, M., Laforsch, C.: Analysis of microplastics of a broad size range in commercially important mussels by combining FTIR and Raman spectroscopy approaches. Environmental Pollution, No. 116147 (2020).

Ramsperger, A., Stellwag, A., Caspari, A., Fery, A., Lüders, T., Kress, H., Löder, M., Laforsch, C.: Structural Diversity in Early-Stage Biofilm Formation on Microplastics Depends on Environmental Medium and Polymer Properties. Water, 12(11) (2020).

Dris, R., Agarwal, S., Laforsch, C.: Plastics : From a Success Story to an Environmental Problem and a Global Challenge. Global Challenges, 4(6) (2020).

Möller, J., Löder, M., Laforsch, C.: Finding Microplastics in Soils : A Review of Analytical Methods. Environmental Science & Technology, 54(4), 2078-2090 (2020).

Steibl, S., Laforsch, C.: Shell resource partitioning as a mechanism of coexistence in two co-occurring terrestrial hermit crab species. BMC Ecology, 20 (2020).

Diel, P., Kiene, M., Martin-Creuzburg, D., Laforsch, C.: Knowing the Enemy : Inducible Defences in Freshwater Zooplankton. Diversity, 12(4), 147 (2020).

Ritschar, S., Rabus, M., Laforsch, C.: Predator-specific inducible morphological defenses of a water flea against two freshwater predators. Journal of Morphology, 281(6), 653-661 (2020).


Steibl, S., Laforsch, C.: Daytime activity and habitat preferences of two sympatric hermit crab species (Decapoda: Anomura: Coenobita). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 231, No. 106482 (2019).

Schrank, I., Trotter, B., Dummert, J., Scholz-Böttcher, B., Löder, M., Laforsch, C.: Effects of microplastic particles and leaching additive on the life history and morphology of Daphnia magna. Environmental Pollution, 255(2) (2019).

Frei, S., Piehl, S., Gilfedder, B., Löder, M., Krutzke, J., Wilhelm, L., Laforsch, C.: Occurence of microplastics in the hyporheic zone of rivers. Scientific Reports, 9 (2019).

Frei, S., Piehl, S., Gilfedder, B., Löder, M., Krutzke, J., Wilhelm, L., Laforsch, C.: Occurrence of microplastics in the hyporheic zone of rivers. Scientific Reports, 9 (2019).

Trotter, B., Ramsperger, A., Raab, P., Haberstroh, J., Laforsch, C.: Plastic waste interferes with chemical communication in aquatic ecosystems. Scientific Reports, 9 (2019).

Piehl, S., Mitterwallner, V., Atwood, E., Bochow, M., Laforsch, C.: Abundance and distribution of large microplastics (1–5 mm) within beach sediments at the Po River Delta, northeast Italy. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 149 (2019).

Atwood, E., Falcieri, F., Piehl, S., Bochow, M., Matthies, M., Franke, J., Carniel, S., Sclavo, M., Laforsch, C., Sieger, F.: Coastal accumulation of microplastic particles emitted from the Po River, Northern Italy : Comparing remote sensing and hydrodynamic modelling with in situ sample collections. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 138, 561-574 (2019).

Steibl, S., Laforsch, C.: Disentangling the environmental impact of different human disturbances : a case study on islands. Scientific Reports, 9(1), No. 13712 (2019).

Hufnagl, B., Steiner, D., Renner, E., Löder, M., Laforsch, C., Lohninger, H.: A methodology for the fast identification and monitoring of microplastics in environmental samples using random decision forest classifiers. Analytical Methods, 11(17), 2277-2285 (2019).

Otte, K., Effertz, C., Fröhlich, T., Arnold, G., Laforsch, C., von Elert, E.: Proteomic analysis in the model organism Daphnia has the potential to unravel molecular pathways involved in phenotypic changes in response to changing environmental conditions. Hydrobiologia, 846(1), 27-38 (2019).


Piehl, S., Leibner, A., Löder, M., Dris, R., Bogner, C., Laforsch, C.: Identification and quantification of macro- and microplastics on an agricultural farmland. Scientific Reports, 2018(8) (2018).

Imhof, H., Wiesheu, A., Niessner, R., Ivleva, N., Laforsch, C.: Variation in plastic abundance at different lake beach zones - a case study. Science of the Total Environment, 613/614, 530-537 (2018).

Weithmann, N., Möller, J., Löder, M., Piehl, S., Laforsch, C., Freitag, R.: Organic fertilizer as a vehicle for the entry of microplastic into the environment. Science Advances, 4(4) (2018).

Stocking, J., Laforsch, C., Sigl, R., Reidenbach, M.: The role of turbulent hydrodynamics and surface morphology on heat and mass transfer in corals. Interface : Journal of the Royal Society, 15 (2018).


Imhof, H., Rusek, J., Thiel, M., Wolinska, J., Laforsch, C.: Do microplastic particles affect Daphnia magna at the morphological, life history and molecular level?. PLoS One, 12(11), e0187590 (2017).

Löder, M., Imhof, H., Ladehoff, M., Löschel, L., Lorenz, C., Mintenig, S., Piehl, S., Primpke, S., Schrank, I., Laforsch, C., Gerdts, G.: Enzymatic purification of microplastics in environmental samples. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(24), 14283-14292 (2017).

Bagheri, A., Laforsch, C., Greiner, A., Agarwal, S.: Fate of So-Called Biodegradable Polymers in Seawater and Freshwater. Global Challenges, 1(4), No. 1700048 (2017).

Fischer, J., Laforsch, C.: The influence of gravity and light on locomotion and orientation of Heterocypris incongruens and Notodromas onacha (Crustacea, Ostracoda). npj Microgravity, (4) (2017).

Fischer, J., Schoppmann, K., Laforsch, C.: Life History Responses and Feeding Behavior of Microcrustacea in Altered Gravity - Applicability in Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS). Microgravity Science and Technology, 29(3), 241-249 (2017).

Primpke, S., Imhof, H., Piehl, S., Lorenz, C., Löder, M., Laforsch, C., Gerdts, G.: Mikroplastik in der Umwelt. Chemie in unserer Zeit, 51(6), 402-412 (2017).

Imhof, H., Sigl, R., Brauer, E., Feyl, S., Giesemann, P., Klink, S., Leupolz, K., Löder, M., Löschel, L., Missun, J., Muszynski, S., Ramsperger, A., Schrank, I., Speck, S., Steibl, S., Trotter, B., Winter, I., Laforsch, C.: Spatial and temporal variation of macro-, meso- and microplastic abundance on a remote coral island of the Maldives, Indian Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 116(1/2), 340-347 (2017).


Imhof, H., Laforsch, C.: Hazardous or not - Are adult and juvenile individuals of Potamopyrgus antipodarum affected by non-buoyant microplastic particles?. Environmental Pollution, 218, 383-391 (2016).

Sigl, R., Steibl, S., Laforsch, C.: The role of vision for navigation in the crown-of-thorns seastar, Acanthaster planci. Scientific Reports, 6, No. 30834 (2016).

Orsini, L., Gilbert, D., Podicheti, R., Jansen, M., Brown, J., Solari, O., Spanier, K., Colbourne, J., Rush, D., Decaestecker, E., Asselmann, J., de Schamphelaere, K., Ebert, D., Haag, C., Kvist, J., Laforsch, C., Petrusek, A., Beckermann, A., Little, T., Chaturvedi, A., Pfrender, M., de Meester, L., Frilander, M.: Daphnia magna transcriptome by RNA-Seq across 12 environmental stressors. Scientific Data, 3 (2016).

Herzog, Q., Rabus, M., Wolfschoon Ribeiro, B., Laforsch, C.: Inducible Defenses with a "Twist" : Daphnia barbata Abandons Bilateral Symmetry in Response to an Ancient Predator. PLoS One, 11(2) (2016).

Sigl, R., Laforsch, C.: The Influence of Water Currents on Movement Patterns on Sand in the Crown-of-Thorns Seastar (Acanthaster cf. solaris). Diversity, 8(4), No. 25 (2016).

Imhof, H., Laforsch, C., Wiesheu, A., Schmid, J., Anger, P., Niessner, R., Ivleva, N.: Pigments and plastic in limnetic ecosystems: A qualitative and quantitative study on microparticles of different size classes. Water Research, 98, 64-74 (2016).

Herzog, Q., Tittgen, C., Laforsch, C.: Predator-specific reversibility of morphological defenses in Daphnia barbata. Journal of Plankton Research, (2016).

Hepp, J., Rabus, M., Anhäuser, T., Bromm, T., Laforsch, C., Sirocko, F., Glaser, B., Zech, M.: A sugar biomarker proxy for assessing terrestial versus aquatic sedimentary input. Organic Geochemistry, 98, 98-104 (2016).


Knie, M., Schoppmann, K., Eck, H., Wolfschoon Ribeiro, B., Laforsch, C.: The “Daphnia” Lynx Mark I suborbital flight experiment : Hardware qualification at the Drop Tower Bremen. Microgravity Science and Technology, 28(3), 345-349 (2015).

Dris, R., Imhof, H., Sanchez, W., Gasperi, J., Galgani, F., Tassin, B., Laforsch, C.: Beyond the ocean : Contamination of freshwater ecosystems with (micro-) plastic particles. Environmental Chemistry, 12(5), 32 (2015).

Eich, A., Mildenberger, T., Laforsch, C., Weber, M.: Biofilm and diatom succession on polyethylene (PE) and biodegradable plastic bags in two marine habitats : early signs of degradation in the pelagic and benthic zone?. PLoS One, 10(9) (2015).

Tollrian, R., Duggen, S., Weiss, L., Laforsch, C., Kopp, M.: Density-dependent adjustment of inducible defenses. Scientific Reports, 5 (2015).

Weiss, L., Leese, F., Laforsch, C., Tollrian, R.: Dopamine is a key regulator in the signalling pathway underlying predator-induced defences in Daphnia. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B : Biological Sciences, 282(1816) (2015).

Trotter, B., Otte, K., Schoppmann, K., Hemmersbach, R., Fröhlich, T., Arnold, G., Laforsch, C.: The influence of simulated microgravity on the proteome of Daphnia magna. npj Microgravity, 1 (2015).

Otte, K., Schrank, I., Fröhlich, T., Arnold, G., Laforsch, C.: Interclonal proteomic responses to predator exposure in Daphnia magna may depend on predator composition of habitats. Molecular Ecology, 24(15), 3901-3917 (2015).

Fischer, J., Schoppmann, K., Knie, M., Laforsch, C.: Responses of microcrustaceans to simulated microgravity (2D-clinorotation) - preliminary assessments for the development of Bioregenerative Life Support Systems (BLSS). Microgravity Science and Technology, 28(3), 337-344 (2015).


Otte, K., Fröhlich, T., Arnold, G., Laforsch, C.: Proteomic analysis of Daphnia magna hints at molecular pathways involved in defensive plastic responses. BMC Genomics, 15, 306 (2014).


Imhof, H., Ivleva, N., Schmid, J., Niessner, R., Laforsch, C.: Contamination of beach sediments of a subalpine lake with microplastic particles. Current Biology, 23(19), R867-R868 (2013).

Herzog, Q., Laforsch, C.: Modality matters for the expression of inducible defenses : introducing a concept of predator modality. BMC Biology, 11, Article Number: 113 (2013).

Sigl, R., Imhof, H., Settles, M., Laforsch, C.: A novel, non-invasive and in vivo approach to determine morphometric data in starfish. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 449, 1 - 9 (2013).

Engelbrecht, W., Hesse, O., Wolinska, J., Laforsch, C.: Two threats at once : encounters with predator cues alter host life-history and morphological responses to parasite spores. Hydrobiologia, 715(1), 93-100 (2013).

Rabus, M., Söllradl, T., Clausen-Schaumann, H., Laforsch, C.: Uncovering Ultrastructural Defences in Daphnia magna : An Interdisciplinary Approach to Assess the Predator-Induced Fortification of the Carapace. PLoS One, 8(6), e67856 (2013).


Riessen, H., Linley, R., Altshuler, I., Rabus, M., Söllradl, T., Clausen-Schaumann, H., Laforsch, C., Yan, N., Howard, P.: Changes in water chemistry can disable plankton prey defenses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(38), 15377-15382 (2012).

Weiss, L., Kruppert, S., Laforsch, C., Tollrian, R.: Chaoborus and Gasterosteus Anti-Predator Responses in Daphnia pulex Are Mediated by Independent Cholinergic and Gabaergic Neuronal Signals. PLoS One, 7(5), e36879 (2012).

Wild, C., Laforsch, C., Mayr, C., Fuß, R., Niggl, W.: Effect of water currents on organic matter release by two scleractinian corals. Aquatic Ecology, 46(3), 335-341 (2012).

Hesse, O., Engelbrecht, W., Laforsch, C., Wolinska, J.: Fighting parasites and predators : How to deal with multiple threats?. BMC Ecology, 12, 12 (2012).

Rabus, M., Waterkeyn, A., van Pottelbergh, N., Brendonck, L., Laforsch, C.: Interclonal variation, effectiveness and long-term implications of Triops-induced morphological defences in Daphnia magna Strauss. Journal of Plankton Research, 34(2), 152-160 (2012).

Weiss, L., Tollrian, R., Herbert, Z., Laforsch, C.: Morphology of the Daphnia nervous system : a comparative study on Daphnia pulex, Daphnia lumholtzi, and Daphnia longicephala. Journal of Morphology, 273(12), 1392-1405 (2012).


Colbourne, J., Pfrender, M., Gilbert, D., Laforsch, C.: The ecoresponsive genome of Daphnia pulex. Science, 331, 555-561 (2011).

Rabus, M., Laforsch, C.: Growing large and bulky in the presence of the enemy : Daphnia magna switches the mode of inducible defences. Functional Ecology, 25(5), 1137-1143 (2011).

Juracka, P., Laforsch, C., Petrusek, A.: Neckteeth formation in two species of the Daphnia curvirostris complex (Crustacea: Cladocera). Journal of Limnology, 70(2), 359-368 (2011).

Yin, M., Laforsch, C., Lohr, J., Wolinska, J.: Predator-induced defence makes Daphnia more vulnerable to parasites. Evolution, 65(5), 1482-1488 (2011).

Duneau, D., Luijckx, P., Ben-Ami, F., Laforsch, C., Ebert, D.: Resolving the infection process reveals striking differences in the contribution of environment, genetics and phylogeny to host-parasite interactions. BMC Biology, 9, 11 (2011).


Lohr, J., Laforsch, C., Körner, H., Wolinska, J.: A Daphnia parasite (Caullerya mesnili) constitutes a new member of the Ichthyosporea, a group of protists near the animal-fungi divergence. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 57(4), 328-336 (2010).

Dietrich, S., Dammel, S., Bracher, F., Plößl, F., Laforsch, C.: Effects of a pharmaceutical mixture at environmentally relevant concentrations on Gammarus fossarum. Marine & Freshwater Research, 61(2), 196-203 (2010).

Dietrich, S., Plößl, F., Bracher, F., Laforsch, C.: Single and combined toxicity of pharmaceuticals at environmentally relevant concentrations in Daphnia magna : A multigenerational study. Chemosphere, 79(1), 60-66 (2010).


Naumann, M., Niggl, W., Laforsch, C., Glaser, C., Wild, C.: Coral surface area quantification : evaluation of established methods by comparison with computer tomography. Coral Reefs, 28(1), 109-117 (2009).

Petrusek, A., Tollrian, R., Schwenk, K., Haas, A., Laforsch, C.: A "crown of thorns" is an inducible defence that protects Daphnia against an ancient predator. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(7), 2248-2252 (2009).

Laforsch, C., Tollrian, R., Schwenk, K., Haas, A., Petrusek, A., Jung, N.: “Crown of thorns” of Daphnia : an exceptional inducible defence discovered by DNA barcoding. Communicative & Integrative Biology, 2(5), 379-381 (2009).

Fröhlich, T., Arnold, G., Fritsch, R., Mayr, T., Laforsch, C.: LC-MS/MS-based proteome profiling in Daphnia pulex and Daphnia longicephala : The Daphnia pulex genome database as a key for high throughput proteomics in Daphnia. BMC Genomics, 10(1), 171 (2009).

Books and Book sections


Sandu, C., Takacs, E., Suaria, G., Borgogno, F., Laforsch, C., Löder, M., Tweehuysen, G., Florea, L.: Society Role in the Reduction of Plastic Pollution. In: Friederike Stock, Georg Reifferscheid, Nicole Brennholt, Evgeniia Kostianaia (eds.): Handbook of Environmental Chemistry : Plastics in the Aquatic Environment. Part II. Stakeholders Role against Pollution. - Cham : Springer Nature, 2020.


Laforsch, C., Imhof, H., Sigl, R., Heß, M., Settles, M., Wanninger, A.: Applications of computed 3D-modeling in organismal biology. In: Alexandru, Catalin (Hrsg.): Modeling and Simulation in Engineering. - Rijeka : InTech, 2012. - 117-142.

Weiss, L., Laforsch, C., Tollrian, R.: The taste of predation and the defences of prey. In: Brönmark, Christer ; Hansson, Lars-Anders (Hrsg.): Chemical ecology in aquatic systems. - Oxford : Oxford Univ. Press, 2012. - 111-126.


Niggl, W., Glas, M., Laforsch, C., Mayr, C., Wild, C.: First evidence of coral bleaching stimulating organic matter release by reef corals. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium. - Dania Beach, Fla. : National Coral Reef Institute, 2008. - 905-910.

Other publications


Imhof, H., Schmid, J., Ivleva, N., Laforsch, C.: A novel, highly efficient method for the quantification of plastic particles in sediments of aquatic environments. Limnology and Oceanography / Methods, (10), 524-537 (2012).

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